I see Scotch is often labelled as single malt or blended, but never both. What, exactly, is the distinction?

  • Why don't you try to google? There is a good article even in Wikipedia about it. Commented Feb 12, 2017 at 23:25
  • @AltbierisnotOldBeer Trying to stimulate the creation of good content here. 10 years ago when Wikipedia was young I wrote stuph there.
    – wogsland
    Commented Feb 12, 2017 at 23:35

1 Answer 1


We need to work up a few definitions before we get to the final answer here. So without further ado:

Single Malt

Single Malt means that the whiskey has been made using ONLY malted barley and nothing else and has been distilled at a single distillery. This is to distinguish it from:

Grain/Single Pot

Grain Whiskey, called Single Pot or Pure Pot when it's Irish, is still whiskey from a single distillery but can have other grains in it, such as rye or unmalted barley.

Single Malt + Single Malt = Blended/Vatted Malt

By mixing single malts from different distilleries you get a Blended Malt or Vatted Malt whiskey.

Single Malt + Grain Whiskey = Blended Whiskey

When you mix Single Malt with anything besides more Single Malt you get regular old Blended whiskey.

A lot of these terms only really apply to whiskies produced outside of the US, namely Scotland and Ireland, but Japan's whiskey-producing traditions are based primarily on Scotland's.

In the US the whole malt thing goes out the window since the legal requirements only specify "Majority" grains, IE American Malt Whiskey only needs to be 51% malted barley. Rye Malt is 51% malted rye, etc. But the US terms also put a lot of other restrictions on the length of time the whiskey was aged and the alcohol proof at after distillation, when put into barrels, and when bottled. But that's a different question.

  • 2
    To add to this - you will often see "small batch" on American labels for blended whiskeys. You most certainly can have different flavors from the same whiskey's with different amounts added to the "small batch" (see Four Roses Brent Elliot's special release). But... this is also the reason certain labels no longer have age statements. Elijah Craig, for example, had to start blending different ages of their flagship spirit because of the "whiskey boom." A lot of companies didn't plan to have such a boom 10, 12, or 23+ years ago.
    – BryceH
    Commented Feb 14, 2017 at 17:56
  • Worth noting that all standard bottlings of single malt Scotch will be blends of different casks (and usually different ages) from the same distillery. The recipe is likely to change from year to year depending on what the distillery has in stock and commercial considerations - usually aiming for some consistency.
    – aucuparia
    Commented Apr 21, 2021 at 12:32
  • This is true even for whiskies which show an age statement: this is just the minimum age of whisky in the bottle. So a 12 year old may have some 15 or 18 year old whisky in it.
    – aucuparia
    Commented Apr 21, 2021 at 12:37
  • Also, single cask single malt Scotch is available. As the name suggests this is a single malt which has been bottled from one cask - so no blending at all. That means something like 200-300 bottles and it's gone forever! Prices vary from fairly reasonable to the price of a fast car...
    – aucuparia
    Commented Apr 21, 2021 at 12:37

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