Different beers and different types of storage result in different amounts of foam being produced when the beer is poured, from almost none at all to a glass full of foam.

What factors, both in terms of ingredients/type of beer and storage, affect how much foam will be produced? And, as a bonus question, how do I avoid excessive amounts of foam when pouring?

1 Answer 1


With regards to the beer, 4 things primarily determine the amount and consistency of head:

  1. Types of malt used: light malt typically produces larger, more dish-soapy bubbles. Roasted or dark malts will typically produce smaller bubbles. The proteins in the malt are what determine the consistency of the bubbles. There are additives that can alter and enhance the head forming capabilities of the beer. These are usually forms of protein. One of the best silky mouth feel beers I've ever had is Flying Dog Pearl Necklace Oyster Stout. Yes - they actually add oysters to the brew. The protein makes for an amazing feel.
  2. Amount of carbonation: pretty self explanatory. Mo' gas, mo' bubbles. Higher ABV beers and very malty beers can sometimes hold almost no CO2. Give these a rough pour to produce a decent head.
  3. Type of carbonation: CO2 produces larger bubbles while nitrogen produces very fine small bubbles which gives Guinness its famous silky creamy head.
  4. Conditioning & storage: bottle conditioned beer will hold more CO2 and have a different head and mouth feel and coarser bubbles. kegs carbonated by pressurizing with CO2 will hold less and be a bit foamier.

With regards to the pour, if less head is desired, tilt the glass at least 45 degrees and pour slowly, on the glass, rising as you pour to always be pouring just above the level of the beer. For more head, well... dump 'er in.

The glass will make a difference too. For some high-browed beer-snobbery about cleaning your beer glasses: http://byo.com/porter/item/425-can-you-explain-the-dos-and-donts-of-cleaning-beer-glasses

  • To expand on 4 a little, keg pressure can also be a little inconsistent at times resulting in almost pure foam (from a fresh keg), or almost no foam (from a keg that has been tapped for a day). This is especially evident when a hand pump tap is used as opposed to a pressure regulator (although even in pubs you will notice they let the tap run a bit when a keg is freshly tapped).
    – Travis J
    Feb 2, 2014 at 2:12
  • Also the quantity of hops has a bearing since the foam are formed from complexes of proteins and polyphenols from the hops. (If you observe the foam just after it is poured you'll see it changes slightly - gets more of a waxy sheen and becomes more rigid.)
    – mdma
    Feb 2, 2014 at 9:04

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